Ada beberapa negara yang memiliki undang-undang aneh dan salah satunya ialah Australia. Negara itu enggan mengarahkan ekstradisi bekas komando polis Sirul Azhar Umar yang disabitkan kesalahan membunuh wanita Mongolia Altantuya Shaariibuu.
Alasan yang berikan Canberra ialah undang-undang ekstradisinya tidak membenarkan seseorang diserahkan bagi kesalahan yang membawa hukuman mati melainkan negara itu memberi jaminan kepada Australia hukuman tidak akan dijalankan.
Adakah itu sebabnya mengapa Siruk melarikan diri ke Australia selepas dia bersama-sama Ketua Inspektor Azilah Hadri dibebaskan oleh Mahkamah Rayuan pada 23 Ogos 2013 lalu?
Mengapa Australia memiliki undang-undang yang melindungi penjenayah?
Mungkin Sirul telah membaca undang-undang ekstradisi Australia atau seseorang memberitahunya. Jadi dia terus ke sana kerana sedar tidak akan dihantar pulang selagi dia berhadapan hukuman mati.
Alasan yang diberi Sirul ialah dia tiada wang membeli tiket kapalterbang ke Malaysia.
Australia pernah menjadi tanah penempatan penjenayah sekitar kurun ke-18, jadi Sirul kini “selamat” daripada hukuman bagi jenayah yang dilakukannya pada 2006.
Tentu sekali kita tertanya samada terdapat pihak ketiga yang telibat di dalam merancang pemergiannya ke Australia.
Dalam pada itu Perdana Menteri Australia Tony Abbot menentang keras hukuman mati.
“Australia menentang hukuman mati. Kami menentang hukuman mati ke atas warga Australia di luar dan dalam negeri,” kata beliau ketika mengulas tindakan Presiden Indonesia Joko Widodo yang tidak mengampunkan warga Australia Myuran Sukumaran yang berdepan hukuman mati akibat kesalahan mengedar dadah.
Sukumaran dan rakan senegara Andrew Chan dikenakan hukuman bagi kesalahan pada tahun 2005 kerana membawa dadah seberat 8kg.
Canberra bertarung menyelamatkan nyawa Sukumaran dan Chan dari skuad penembak di penjara Kerobokan Bali. Mereka dijangka ditembak mati pada 18 Januari ini.
Australia memiliki hujahnya tidak membenarkan ekstradisi Sirul kerana ternyata keputusan itu telah lama diamalkannya.
Pada 2009, Sirul dan Azilah daripada Unit Tindakan Khas didapati bersalah membunuh Altantuya di Mukim Bukit Cherakah Klang pada Oktober 2006.
Wanita Mongolia itu ditembak dua kali dan tubuhnya diletupkan dengan bahan peledak C4. - theantdaily
Was convicted murderer Sirul’s Australian trip preplanned?
Rid death penalty and get justice for Altantuya...
Since the Australian government cannot bring itself to return someone to Malaysia where he will be facing the death penalty, why don’t we do the just and reasonable thing by doing away with the death penalty once and for all? In so doing, we can ensure that this other convicted killer of Altantuya faces justice in our country.
The most diabolical of murders
The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights prohibits all forms of “cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.” Capital punishment for murder offences has been abolished in Britain since 1965. Although the issue has been brought up periodically in the House of Commons, it has always been defeated.
Today, most of Europe has abolished the death penalty. By the 1970s, capital punishment had been abolished as a statutory punishment in about one quarter of the world’s nations including Australia.
The judicial taking of life has been described as “the most pre-meditated and most diabolical of murders.” It is basically a relic of the primitive drive for revenge and it merely passes the responsibility to the judge or jury who are supposed to be acting on our behalf.
It is indicative of the primordial psyche that we are not content that criminals be safely put away in prison, we demand their death!
Executions dehumanise society and undermine the common values upon which the full and free development of human society is based in all cultures. The value of human life is lessened once a state, in avowing the defence of its citizens, resorts to inhuman and degrading forms of punishment.
No evidence it deters crime
Perhaps the most popular misconception is that capital punishment acts as a deterrent to crime for there is little evidence to show this. According to the British Home Office Research Unit study undertaken in the eighties, over the previous decade the increase in murders in the various categories had been insignificant.
This was despite the fact there was a war in Northern Ireland.
Another strong argument against capital punishment is that it entails irrevocable miscarriages of justice. In Britain, if the law on hanging had not changed in 1964, at least six men would have been hanged for offences they did not commit.
The film ‘Hurricane’ tells the story about the former US boxer Rubin Carter who spent more than twenty years in jail for a murder he did not commit. If he had been hanged soon after his conviction, his death would have been on the nation’s conscience forever!
This was accounted for by the fact that no legal system is infallible. Moreover, as in the case of Hurricane, miscarriages of justice usually take time to surface.
Inconsistencies in the Altantuya Case
In the case of the two convicted murderers of Altantuya, I don’t think full justice has been done to the Mongolian lass Altantuya since the motive for the murder was never established by the court.
If the death penalty is carried out, we will never know the full story of why they murdered the woman; whether she was connected with the purchase of the RM7 billion Scorpene submarines or if they were induced by people in power to murder her.
There have been too many inconsistencies in the Altantuya case, for example:
- The assertion that all records of Altantuya's entry and presence in Malaysia were erased from the computers of the Immigration Department - the Immigration Department needs to clarify this fact;
- The sudden removal of the presiding judge before the trial started and the changing of the head of the prosecution team at the eleventh hour;
- The fact that the defence lawyers for the three accused kept changing with one walking out on the first day of hearing, charging that "third parties" were interfering in his work;
- When both defence lawyers and prosecutors cut off a witness (Altantuya’s cousin) from testifying further when she revealed that the victim had shown her a photograph of herself, Razak Baginda, then Defence Minister Najib Razsak and "others" having lunch in a Paris restaurant.
Who knows? There may come a day when a retrial is ordered and the two convicted men can fully spill the beans over the whole beastly affair.
There might even be the possibility of plea-bargaining to induce the two convicted men to do this in exchange for a shorter sentence. This is only possible if the death penalty is abolished in this country.
Thus, at a stroke we will have become a more humanist society and we can keep alive the hope that justice will be done for Altantuya when the motive for her murder has been established.- Dr.Kua Kai Soong,mk
PTPTN defaulter can't leave Malaysia, but Sirul can